Anti RabiesAct

Anti-Rabies Act of 2007

If you own a dog you really should be aware of the Anti-Rabies Act of 2007 if you do not abide by the act you could find yourself with a huge bill or if you are a foreigner you could even be deported.  

It is also worth knowing the Anti-Rabies Act 0f 2007 if you have neighbors whose dogs are a problem. 

Failing to have a dog registered and immunized holds a 2,000 peso fine. 

If your dog is not immunized and it bites somebody you will have to pay for the treatment. and if you do not you could be fined 25,000 peso. 

Below is the law in full. 

Republic Act No. 9482

S. NO. 2541

H. NO. 4654



Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the nineteenth day of February,
two thousand seven.


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in
Congress assembled:

SECTION 1. Title. — This Act shall be known as the “Anti-Rabies Act of 2007”.
SECTION 2. Declaration of Policy. — It is the declared policy of the State to
protect and promote the right to health of the people. Towards this end, a
system for the control, prevention of the spread, and eventual eradication of
human and animal Rabies shall be provided and the need for responsible pet
ownership established.
SECTION 3. Definition of Terms. — For the purpose of this Act, the following
terms shall mean:
  • Bitten refers to an act by which a Dog seizes, cuts or grips with its teeth so
    that the skin of a person has been wounded, pierced or scratched.
  • Concerned Officials refers to barangay officials, health workers, police
    officers or government veterinarians.
  • Direct Supervision refers to range supervision where physical presence of
    the veterinarian within the barangay is necessary.
  • Dog refers to a common quadruped domestic animal belonging to the order
    carnivora (male or female), scientifically known ascanis familiaris.
  • Euthanasia refers to the process of painless death to Dogs and other
  • Impound refers to seize and hold in the custody of the law.
  • Owner refers to any person keeping, harboring or having charge, care or
    control of a Dog including his/her representative.
  • Pound refers to a public enclosure for stray animals.
  • Public Place refers to any place open to the public like parks, malls, markets,
    streets, etc.
  • Rabies refers to a highly fatal disease caused by a lyssa virus, transmitted
    mainly through the bite of an infected animal and is characterized by muscle
    paralysis, hydrophobia and aerophobia, and other neurological manifestations.
  • Rabies transmission refers to the transmission or passage of the Rabies
    virus through a bite by an infected animal, or through contamination with virusladen
    saliva on breaks in the skin and of mucous membranes such as the eyes,
    the lips, the mouth, or the genital organs.
  • Rabies Vaccination/Immunoprophylaxis of Humans refers to the inoculation
    of humans, with modern day rabies vaccines or Rabies immunoglobulin, by a
    trained doctor or nurse under the supervision of a qualified medical
  • Rabies Vaccination of Dogs refers to the inoculation of a Dog with a Rabies
    vaccine by a licensed government or private veterinarian or trained individual
    under the direct supervision of a licensed veterinarian. The services of the said
    trained individual shall be limited only to Rabies Vaccination Injection in Dogs
    and only during government mass vaccination campaigns.
  • Post-exposure Treatment (P.E.T.) refers to an anti-Rabies treatment
    administered after an exposure to Rabies, which include local wound care,
    Rabies vaccine, with or without anti-Rabies immunizing agent.
  • Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (P.E.P.) refers to Rabies vaccination administered
    before an exposure to Rabies to those who are at high risk of getting Rabies.
  • Stray Dog refers to any Dog leaving its Owner’s place or premise and no
    longer under the effective control of the Owner.
  • Veterinary or Human Barbiturates refer to drugs that depress the function of
    the central nervous system.
SECTION 4. National Rabies Prevention and Control Program. — It is hereby
mandated that there shall be a National Rabies Prevention and Control Program
to be implemented by a multi-agency/multi-sectoral committee chaired by the
Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department of Agriculture. The program shall
be a multi-agency effort in controlling and eliminating Rabies in the country.

Among its component activities include: (1) mass vaccination of Dogs; (2)
establishment of a central database system for registered and vaccinated
Dogs; (3) impounding, field control and disposition of unregistered, Stray and
unvaccinated Dogs; (4) conduct of information and education campaign on the
prevention and control of Rabies; (5) provision on pre-expos
for accurate record purposes.

(b) Submit their Dogs for mandatory registration.

(c) Maintain control over their Dog and not allow it to roam the streets or any
Public Place without a leash.

(d) Be a responsible Owner by providing their Dog with proper grooming,
adequate food and clean shelter.

(e) Within twenty-four (24) hours, report immediately any Dog biting incident to
the Concerned Officials for investigation or for any appropriate action and place
such Dog under observation by a government or private veterinarian.

(f) Assist the Dog bite victim immediately and shoulder the medical expenses
incurred and other incidental expenses relative to the victim’s injuries.

SECTION 6. Responsibilities of Government Agencies. — The following
government agencies, which shall jointly implement the National Rabies
Prevention and Control Program, shall be tasked to:
A. Department of Agriculture
  1. Improve and upgrade existing animal Rabies laboratory diagnostic
    capabilities to ensure better services to the people.
  2. Ensure the availability and adequate supply of animal anti-Rabies vaccine at
    all times.
  3. Undertake free anti-Rabies Vaccination of Dogs giving priority to high risk
    depressed areas.
  4. Maintain and improve animal Rabies surveillance system.
  5. Establish and maintain Rabies free zone in coordination with the LGUs.
  6. Immediately facilitate for the approval of the sale and use of Veterinary and
    Human Barbiturate drugs and veterinary euthanasia drugs by the DOH and the
    Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA).
  7. Strengthen the training of field personnel and the Information Education
    and Communication (IEC) activities on Rabies prevention and control and
    responsible pet ownership.
  8. Conduct research on Rabies and its control in coordination with other
  9. Formulate minimum standards and monitor the effective implementation of
    this Act.
  10. Encourage collaborative activities with the DOH, DepEd, DILG, DENR,
    NGOs, POs and other concerned sectors.
B. Department of Health
  1. Ensure the availability and adequate supply of DOH pre-qualified human
    Anti-Rabies vaccine in animal bite treatment centers at all times and shall
    coordinate with other implementing agencies and concerned NGOs for this
  2. Provide Post-Exposure Treatment at the minimum expense to individuals
    bitten by animals suspected of being rabid which will consist of the initial
    vaccine and immunoglobulin dose.
  3. Provide Pre-Exposure Treatment to high-risk personnel, such as, but not
    limited to, laboratory staff, veterinarians, animal handlers, vaccinators and
    other persons working with Rabies virus for free.
  4. Coordinate with the DA in the development of appropriate health education
    strategy to inform the public on Rabies prevention and control and responsible
    pet ownership.
  5. Develop and maintain a human Rabies surveillance system.
  6. Encourage collaborative activities with the DA, DepEd, DILG, DENR, NGOs,
    POs and other concerned sectors.
  7. Immediately approve the registration of Veterinary and Human Barbiturate
    drugs and veterinary euthanasia drugs in coordination with the PDEA.
C. Department of Education
  1. Strengthen Rabies education program through school health
  2. Assist in the Dog mass immunization campaigns in the community.
  3. Encourage collaborative activities with the DA, DOH, DILG, DENR, NGOs,
    POs and other concerned sectors.
  4. Integrate proper information and education on responsible pet ownership in
    the relevant subjects in the Elementary and High School levels.
SECTION 7. Responsibilities of the LGUs. — LGUs, in their respective localities,
  1. Ensure that all Dogs are properly immunized, registered and issued a
    corresponding Dog tag for every immunized and registered Dog.
  2. Strictly enforce Dog Impounding activities and field control to eliminate
    Stray Dogs.
  3. Ensure that Dogs are leashed or confined within the premises of the
    Owner’s house or Owner’s fenced surroundings.
  4. Allocate funds to augment the implementation of the National Rabies
    Prevention and Control Program, particularly on the financing of supplies and
    human and Dog vaccines needed for immunization.
  5. Ensure the enforcement of Section 6 of Republic Act No. 8485 or “The
    Animal Welfare Act of 1998”.
  6. Enact additional local ordinances that will support the National Rabies
    Prevention and Control Program that should include the regulation of treatment
    locally known as “tandok.”
  7. Prohibit the trade of Dogs for meat.
  8. With respect to cities and first class municipalities, establish and maintain a
    Dog Pound where Impounded Dogs shall be kept, in accordance with Section 9
    herein: Provided, That the other municipalities, shall, on their own, establish a
    Dog Pound or opt to share the expense of establishing and maintaining a Dog
    Pound with other adjoining municipalities and/or with private animal shelters
    and control facilities.
  9. Prohibit the use of electrocution as a euthanasia procedure.
  10. Appoint a veterinarian and establish a veterinary office in every province,
    city and first-class municipality: Provided, That the other municipalities shall, on
    their own, opt to share the expense of having a veterinary office.
  11. Require pet shops to post information regarding Rabies and responsible
    pet ownership.
  12. For purposes of ensuring the administrative feasibility of implementing the
    provisions of this Act and subject to paragraph 8 of this Section, the LGU shall
    collect the fines imposed under Section 11 subparagraphs (1), (3), (4), (5) and
    (6) hereof.
    Any and all fines collected pursuant to this Act shall be used for the
    enhancement of the National Rabies Prevention and Control Program within the
    locality concerned, as well as the achievement of the objectives envisioned in
    this Act.
    The DILG shall ensure compliance of these responsibilities by the LGUs.
SECTION 8. Assistance of NGOs and the Academe. — The agencies tasked to
implement the anti-Rabies program shall seek the assistance and participation
of NGOs in any of the following activities:
  1. Community mobilization.
  2. Health education/information dissemination on Rabies and responsible pet
  3. Mass anti-Rabies campaign.
  4. Promotion of the anti-Rabies campaign during pet or any animal shows.
  5. Surveillance/reporting of Rabies cases in animals and humans.
  6. Any other activities geared towards the prevention and complete
    eradication of Rabies.
SECTION 9. Impounding, Field Control and Disposition of Unregistered, Stray
and Unvaccinated Dogs. — Unregistered, Stray or unvaccinated Dogs shall be
put in Dog Pounds and disposed of, taking into consideration the following
  1. Unregistered, Stray or unvaccinated Dogs shall be impounded and kept in
    the LGU’s designated Dog Pound.
  2. Impounded Dogs not claimed after three days from the Dog Pound shall be
    placed for adoption to qualified persons, with the assistance of an animal
    welfare NGO, when feasible, or otherwise disposed of in any manner
    authorized, subject to the pertinent provisions of Republic Act No. 8485,
    otherwise known as the “Animal Welfare Act of 1998”.
  3. A fee shall be paid by Owners of Impounded Dogs to the LGU concerned,
    pursuant to Section 7 hereof.
SECTION 10. Dog Population Control. — In furtherance of the policy of this Act
to eradicate Rabies, there is the need to control the Dog population and
minimize the number of unwanted Stray Dogs. As such, it is hereby mandated:
  1. That the DA, DOH, DILG, DepEd, LGUs, with the assistance of NGOs and POs
    shall undertake an educational and promotional campaign on responsible Pet
    Ownership, including the option of spaying or neutering their Dogs.
  2. That the LGUs shall provide an incentive system whereby Owners of Dogs
    which have been spayed or neutered will be given a subsidized or discounted
    pet registration fee.
  3. That Dogs which have been impounded three times shall only be released
    after having been spayed or neutered, at the expense of the Pet’s Owner.
SECTION 11. Penalties. —
  1. Pet Owners who fail or refuse to have their Dog registered and immunized
    against Rabies shall be punished by a fine of Two thousand pesos (P2,000.00).
  2. Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog vaccinated against Rabies shall be
    liable to pay for the vaccination of both the Dog and the individuals Bitten by
    their Dog.
  3. Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation after said
    Dog has Bitten an individual shall be meted a fine of Ten thousand pesos
  4. Pet Owners who refuse to have their Dog put under observation and do not
    shoulder the medical expenses of the person Bitten by their Dog shall be
    meted a fine of Twenty-five thousand pesos (P25,000.00).
  5. Pet Owners who refuse to put leash on their Dogs when they are brought
    outside the house shall be meted a fine of Five hundred pesos (P500.00) for
    each incident.
  6. An impounded Dog shall be released to its Owner upon payment of a fine of
    not less than Five hundred pesos (P500.00) but not more than One thousand
    pesos (P1,000.00).
  7. Any person found guilty of trading Dog for meat shall be fined not less than
    Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) per Dog and subjected to imprisonment for
    one to four years.
  8. Any person found guilty of using electrocution as a method of euthanasia
    shall be fined not less than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) per act and
    subject to imprisonment for one to four years.
  9. If the violation is committed by an alien, he or she shall be immediately
    deported after service of sentence without any further proceedings.

SECTION 12. Implementing Rules and Regulations. — The DA, in coordination
with the DOH, DILG, DepEd, DENR, NGOs and POs shall issue the necessary
rules and regulations within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act.

SECTION 13. Appropriations. — The amount of One hundred million pesos  (P100,000,000.00) necessary to implement the provisions of this Act shall be initially charged against the appropriations of the DOH, DA, DILG and DepEd under the General Appropriations Act. For the LGUs, the requirements shall be taken from their Internal Revenue Allotment and other local funds. Thereafter, such sums as may be necessary for its continued implementation shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act.

SECTION 14. Separability Clause. — In case any provision of this Act is declared
unconstitutional, the other provisions shall remain in full force and effect.

SECTION 15. Effectivity. — This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its
publication in the Official Gazette or in at least two newspapers of general
circulation, whichever comes earlier.

President of the Senate

Speaker of the House of Representatives

This Act which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 2541 and House Bill No. 4654 was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on February 7, 2007 and February 20, 2007 respectively.

Secretary of the Senate

Secretary General
House of Representatives

Approved: May 25, 2007

President of the Philippines

Download of PDF Anti-Rabies Act of 2007

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