This Day In Philippines History
United States breaks agreement to recognise Philippine independence.
Prime Minister Apolinario M. Mabini, of the fledgling Philippine Republic that was under siege from American forces, informed President Emilio F. Aguinaldo of William Taft’s reply that the United States would not recognize Philippine independence, just over 2 years into the bloody Filipino-American War.
In response President Aguinaldo declared his continued pursuit of independence and urges peace, the reply of Taft, head of the imperialist commission has revealed to the Filipinos that the Taft Commission total aim was American sovereignty of the Philippines and that they had no intention of honouring the independence of Filipinos in any way. In 1900 following his August conference with Taft, Mabini communicated to Aguinaldo his thoughts about the enemy Americans and their refusal to recognize Philippine independence.
President William McKinley’s policy to forcibly annex the Philippines and instigate the Fil-Am War.
Less than two years earlier, the Filipino leader agreed to cooperate with Admiral George Dewey in fighting Spain based on the verbal promises of the latter and other American officials in the Manila/South-east Asia that the U.S. will honour Philippine Independence, with Aguinaldo later stupidly allowing the free entry of G.I.s into the archipelago.
The University of the Philippines Los Baños was established
The University of the Philippines Los Baños (also referred to as UPLB, UP Los Baños, or Elbi) is a public university located in the towns of Los Baños and Bay in the province of Laguna, some 64 kilometers southeast of Manila. It traces its roots to the UP College of Agriculture (UPCA), which was founded in 1909 by the American colonial government to promote agricultural education and research in the Philippines. American botanist Edwin Copeland served as its first dean.
Ex Royal Navy base Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine
Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine in memory of Filipinos who had been imprisoned and lost their lives there.
During the Spanish rule, Fort Santiago was used as prison and many Filipinos suspected of rebellion, including Dr. Jose Rizal were held there.
Fort Santiago was captured by the British in 1762 and served as a base of operations for the Royal Navy until April of 1764.
The fort sustained heavy damage from American bombs and shells during the Battle for Manila in 1945. It was later restored by the Intramuros Administration during the 1980s.
World’s largest fruit and vegetable grower implicated in child labour in the Philippines
Brussels. March 6. 1998 (ICFTU OnLine): Trade union investigations have revealed the use of child labour on banana plantations which supply Stanfilco, a Philippine subsidiary of Dole Food Company, the world’s largest grower and supplier of fresh fruit and vegetables.
The International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Association (IUF) has photographic evidence on its web site of nine and eleven-year-old children working on the Soyapa Farms banana plantation. One photographs shows a nine-year-old boy who works two hours before school and four hours afterwards, while another shows an eleven year-old girl working six hours a day for just over one dollar cutting dead leaves which have been sprayed with toxic pesticides. Both children work up to 11 hours on Saturday.
This evidence is all the more shocking as Dole promotes itself having a dedication to the safety of our workers, communities and the environment. as well as being a ‘leader in nutrition education for children, working in collaboration with many of the nation’s leading health authorities to teach students the value of healthy eating habits.’ In addition it has produced a CD-ROM in which ‘Bobby Banana’ comes to life for an interactive session with the children to excite them about nutrition (according to Dole Food Company’s web page).
Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed into law a package of anti-terror measures that has drawn protests as a threat to civil liberties.
11 Filipino soldiers killed
Philippines guerrillas of the communist New People’s Army (NPA) killed 11 government soldiers in a gun battle on Mindoro island.
5.2 earthquake north of Masbate City
A 5.2 earthquake struck leaving 10 people injured. It was centered at sea just two miles (3 km) north of Masbate City on the island province of Masbate.
Yesterday In Philippines History
Filipinos attack the U.S.S. Bennington
A band of Filipinos fire on some crew members of the imperialist United States gunboat U.S.S. Bennington one month into the Philippine-American War (1899-1914); the incident is supposed to give Washington the impression that their invading forces are getting nervous and restless under the “harassment” of the patriots of the fledgling Philippine Republic; the Phil-Am War began on February 4, 1899 under the provocation of the Bald Eagle forces under the US President William McKinley’s vile pre-arranged plan to precipitate a war and thereby trick their Senate to approve the December 1898 Treaty of Paris and thus secure funding for military operations to annex the Southeast Asian archipelago
Lead up to the Lonoy Massacre
Valmoria received word from the headquarters of Pedro Samson that the Americans were heading towards his camp in Lonoy, Jagna. The day after, Valmoria ordered Capt. Caseñas to prepare a surprise attack for the Americans as they pass by his camp in Mt. Verde of barangay Lonoy.
It was believed that the Americans would pass through Lonoy, via a narrow path, Caseñas and his men immediately dug trenches and foxholes along both sides of the path. They covered the holes and camouflaged themselves.
There was 413 men, including Caseñas, armed only with daggers, machetes,spears and bolos.
On the 8th of March nearly every one of them was killed.
Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor of the Philippines
Charles Emmett Yeater (1861 – July 1943) of Sedalia, Missouri was acting Governor-General of the Philippines from March 5, 1921 to October 14, 1921. From 1901 to 1935, the governor-general was the chief political executive of the Philippines, when the country was governed by the United States of America.
2002 Mindanao earthquake
Up to 15 people are reported to have died and over 100 were injured in an earthquake that shook the southern Philippines.
Most victims were crushed by falling buildings or buried by mudslides but four people died of heart attacks after the tremors on Wednesday, officials said.
Tomorrow In Philippines History
Battle of Bud Dajo 900 men, women, and children were slaughtered
Also known as the Bud Dajo massacre was a consequence of the U.S. “Policy of Disarmament” as implemented by General John “Black Jack” Pershing. The Moro Wars taught the U.S., albeit costly, the inseparability of a Tausug and his weapon. In turn, what the Moros had to reckon with in the American soldier was the motivation that had fueled the Indian wars in America. The cry “A good Indian is a dead Indian!” became “A good Moro is a dead Moro!” Passions raged and collided, and blood flowed during that crimson period in Jolo. In the Dajo Massacre, some 900 men, women, and children were slaughtered atop an extinct volcano in the municipality of Danag on the island of Jolo. The Americans spared not a single life of the brave Tausugs who defended their mountain retreat — not a man, woman or infant! Though the bloody campaigns against the Moros officially ended in 1915, U.S. troops continued to encounter sporadic Moro attacks for the next two decades.
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Tomas Alup Remigio was born in Sampaloc, Manila
Tomas was born in Sampaloc, Manila; he was a co-founder of the KKK ( no not the Ku Klux Klan) meaning “Highest and Most Honorable Society of the Children of the Nation”) he worked with Bonifacio, Plata and Diwa, as well as a famous, pro-Filipino writer and playwright. He was also an appointed auxiliary justice of the peace for Lucena.
Remigio’s best known work, Malaya, was considered of the of finest nationalist play written during American Period.
During Spanish Period, he joined the La Liga Filipina and the Katipunan, hence in 1896 was arrested and deported to Spain. Upon his return to the Philippines in 1899, he continued writing plays like, Mga Santong Tao, Ang Huweteng, and Luha ng Ina.
He died on August 1,1916 at the age of 49.
People who Died Tomorrow In Philippines History