Philippine cobra the most deadly Cobra in the world.
Also, known as the Northern Philippine cobra, its Tagalog name is Ulupong, in Cebuano it is known as Agawason, in Carasaen in Ilocano and the scientific name is Naja Philippines.
The Philippine Cobra is regarded as the most deadly Cobra in the world and the third most dangerous snake in the world.
What makes the Philippine Cobra so deadly is the fact it can spit its venom with deadly accuracy up to 3 metres (nearly 10 feet).
The native home for this deadly Cobra is mainly Luzon, Catanduanes, Masbate and Mindoro, there have also been unconfirmed sightings in neighbouring islands.
The Northern Philippine Cobra prefers to live close to freshwaters such as lakes, rivers or other wet areas.
Its diet consists of mice, small rats, frogs, lizards and other snakes.
The predators of the Philippine Cobra are humans, mongoose birds and its relative the King Cobra.
Bites by the Philippine cobra
The U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit researched studied 39 patients envenomed by the Northern Philippine cobra.
Neurotoxicity occurred in all but one case and was the predominant clinical feature.
Respiratory paralysis which was often rapidly developed in 19 patients and 3 cases temporary cessation of breathing occurred within 30 minutes of the bite.
2 of the patients died both were at the point of death when they arrived at the hospital.
14 patients with systemic symptoms had no local swelling.
3 patients developed necrosis.
The conclusion was, bites by the cobra produce severe neurotoxicity of rapid onset and minimal local tissue damage.
The Northern Philippine Cobra the average length of this species is 1.0 metre (3 feet 3 inches) but they can grow to 2m (6 feet 6.inches) in length. The snakes colour ranges from light to medium brown in adults and darker brown in young cobra.
Bites by the snake is a common cause of death among Rice farmers in the Philippines.
A report by the U.S Naval Medical Research Unit estimated the death rate from Naja philippinensis bites could be as high as 107.1 deaths per 100,000 per year in one area.
Approximately 98% of victims were male, and only 8% of them reach a hospital.
The symptoms of a bite might include headache, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, dizziness, and difficulty breathing.