Philippines Historical events in 1901. Important events that happened in Philippines History, famous births, deaths and major events in 1901.
2nd March 1901
The Spooner Amendment
The Spooner Amendment enacted.
The modification sponsored by Senator John C. Spooner, allowed the US president to fully administer the Philippines. Thus, the military government of the Philippines was replaced with a civil one albeit temporary pending the legislation of permanent colonial government by the United States.
5th March 1901
Lead up to the Lonoy Massacre
Valmoria received word from the headquarters of Pedro Samson that the Americans were heading towards his camp in Lonoy, Jagna. The day after, Valmoria ordered Capt. Caseñas to prepare a surprise attack for the Americans as they pass by his camp in Mt. Verde of barangay Lonoy.
It was believed that the Americans would pass through Lonoy, via a narrow path, Caseñas and his men immediately dug trenches and foxholes along both sides of the path. They covered the holes and camouflaged themselves.
There was 413 men, including Caseñas, armed only with daggers, machetes,spears and bolos.
On the 8th of March nearly every one of them was killed.
6th March 1901
United States breaks agreement to recognise Philippine independence.
Prime Minister Apolinario M. Mabini, of the fledgling Philippine Republic that was under siege from American forces, informed President Emilio F. Aguinaldo of William Taft's reply that the United States would not recognize Philippine independence, just over 2 years into the bloody Filipino-American War.
1st April 1901
President Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States
On April 1, 1901, President Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States, formally ending the First Republic and recognising the sovereignty of the US over the Philippines. He had been captured by the Americans at his headquarters in Palanan, Isabela on March 23, 1901 and was being held prisoner.
Reference: Philippine News Agency archives
8th August 1901
Lonoy Massacre also known as the Battle of Lonoy
American historians normally call it the Battle of Lonoy while in the Philippines it is more commonly called the Lonoy Massacre.
On the morning of March 8, 1901, the Filipino guerrillas were ambushed. Two American platoons attacked them from the rear while a platoon on each end of the pass blocked their way. There was nowhere to flee. They were totally caught by surprise. They were not to retaliate as they only had traditional Filipino weapons. The Americans shot and bayoneted them to death in the trenches and foxholes. They were shown no mercy by the American troops who had previously received orders not to take any prisoners. In the end, only seven survived out of the 413 men the other 406 were killed. Losses to the Americans just 3 dead and 10 wounded soldiers.
2nd September 1901
Botanist Gregorio Tiongson Velasquez was Born in born in Calumpit, Bulacan
Gregorio Tiongson Velasquez became known as known as father of Philippine Phycology.
In 1982 President Marcos awarded Velasquez National Scientist in Tropical Phycology for his pioneering research in the study of algae in the Philippines.
Dr. Velasquez made the original study of blue green algae (Myxophyceae) in the Philippines and dedicated 30 years to the study. His work was acknowledged not only in the Philippines but also internationally.
Dr. Velasquez is also honoured in the Men of Science, Division of Biological Sciences in 1969, World's Who's Who in Sciences.