Philippines History 1901

Philippines Historical events in 1901. Important events that happened in Philippines History, famous births, deaths and major events in 1901.

2nd March 1901

The Spooner Amendment

 

The Spooner Amendment enacted. 

The modification sponsored by Senator John C. Spooner, allowed the US president to fully administer the Philippines. Thus, the military government of the Philippines was replaced with a civil one albeit temporary pending the legislation of permanent colonial government by the United States.

5th March 1901

Lead up to the Lonoy Massacre

Lonoy Massacre

Valmoria received word from the headquarters of Pedro Samson that the Americans were heading towards his camp in Lonoy, Jagna. The day after, Valmoria ordered Capt. Caseñas to prepare a surprise attack for the Americans as they pass by his camp in Mt. Verde of barangay Lonoy.

It was believed that the Americans would pass through Lonoy, via a narrow path, Caseñas and his men immediately dug trenches and foxholes along both sides of the path. They covered the holes and camouflaged themselves.

There was 413 men, including Caseñas,  armed only with daggers, machetes,spears and bolos.

On the 8th of March nearly every one of them was killed.

6th March 1901

United States breaks agreement to recognise Philippine independence.

Prime Minister Apolinario M. Mabini, of the fledgling Philippine Republic that was under siege from American forces, informed President Emilio F. Aguinaldo of William Taft's reply that the United States would not recognize Philippine independence, just over 2 years into the bloody Filipino-American War.


In response President Aguinaldo declared his continued pursuit of independence and urges peace, the reply of Taft, head of the imperialist commission has revealed to the Filipinos that the Taft Commission total aim was American sovereignty of the Philippines and that they had no intention of honouring the independence of Filipinos in any way. In 1900 following his August conference with Taft, Mabini communicated to Aguinaldo his thoughts about the enemy Americans and their refusal to recognize Philippine independence.
President William McKinley’s policy to forcibly annex the Philippines and instigate the Fil-Am War.
Less than two years earlier, the Filipino leader agreed to cooperate with Admiral George Dewey in fighting Spain based on the verbal promises of the latter and other American officials in the Manila/South-east Asia that the U.S. will honour Philippine Independence, with Aguinaldo later stupidly allowing the free entry of G.I.s into the archipelago.

1st April 1901

President Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States

President Emilio Aguinaldo

On April 1, 1901, President Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States, formally ending the First Republic and recognising the sovereignty of the US over the Philippines. He had been captured by the Americans at his headquarters in Palanan, Isabela on March 23, 1901 and was being held prisoner.

Reference: Philippine News Agency archives

8th August 1901

Lonoy Massacre also known as the Battle of Lonoy

American historians normally call it the Battle of Lonoy while in the Philippines it is more commonly called the Lonoy Massacre.

On the morning of March 8, 1901, the Filipino guerrillas were ambushed. Two American platoons attacked them from the rear while a platoon on each end of the pass blocked their way. There was nowhere to flee. They were totally caught by surprise. They were not to retaliate as they only had traditional Filipino weapons. The Americans shot and bayoneted them to death in the trenches and foxholes. They were shown no mercy by the American troops who had previously received orders not to take any prisoners. In the end, only seven survived out of the 413 men the other 406  were killed. Losses to the Americans just 3 dead and 10 wounded soldiers.

 

 

2nd September 1901

Botanist Gregorio Tiongson Velasquez was Born in born in Calumpit, Bulacan

Gregorio Tiongson Velasquez became known as known as father of Philippine Phycology.

In 1982 President Marcos awarded Velasquez National Scientist in Tropical Phycology for his pioneering research in the study of algae in the Philippines.

Dr. Velasquez made the original study of blue green algae (Myxophyceae) in the Philippines and dedicated 30 years to the study. His work was acknowledged not only in the Philippines but also internationally.

Dr. Velasquez is also honoured in the Men of Science, Division of Biological Sciences in 1969, World's Who's Who in Sciences.

 Read More about Gregorio Tiongson Velasquez

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