Philippines History 1942

Philippines Historical events in 1942. Important events that happened in Philippines History, famous births, deaths and major events in 1942.

11th March 1942

Douglas MacArthur's escape from the Philippines

Douglas MacArthur leaves Philippines

 

The escape of Douglas MacArthur from the Philippines began on 11 March 1942, during World War II, when he left Corregidor Island in a PT boat. After travelling for two days through stormy seas patrolled by Japanese warships, he reached Mindanao. From there, MacArthur and his party flew to Australia, ultimately arriving in Melbourne on 21 March. This was the occasion of his famous speech in which he declared, "I came through and I shall return."

 

9th April 1942

General Edward King surrendered to the Japanese

General Edward King

By 9 April 1942 American and Filipino forces had become so weak from hunger they could no longer carry on defending Bataan.

Bataan was seen as an ideal defensive position and as far back as 1926 Plan Orange which assumed a Japanese surprise attack on Luzon said the American forces should withdraw from Manila to Bataan because it was an ideal defensive position.

Bajaj RE

MacArthur failed to listen to the advice of the United States War College and planned to defend the beaches against the advice of the War College. Because of this when American and Filipino troops did withdraw to defend Bataan they lacked enough suppliers to feed the 70,000 U.S. and Philippine troops.

By April the troops had been on half rations for 3 months and were at the point of starvation. Ammunition was also running low leaving Major General Edward P. King no choice but surrender.

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