Most people are unaware that there are Racial Discrimination laws in the Philippines. It might come as a shock to learn that racial discrimination laws in the Philippines are very much inline with racial discrimination laws in other countries, the reason for this is they are the same laws set by the General Assembly of the United Nations during the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination in 1965.
The sentence for racial discrimination in the Philippines not less than ten days nor more than six months imprisonment.
What the law covers is all forms of discrimination based on race particularly racial superiority or hatred, incitement to racial discrimination.
You need to remember that this law works both ways, most of us at sometime have come across a foreigner that has the attitude that he is superior to Filipinos because of his race, and also the other way round sometimes we meet Filipinos that have an attitude that because he is Filipino he is superior to non-Filipinos. Thankfully these type of people are a small minority. Both are breaking the law.
People being overcharged because of the colour of their skin is another thing you come across in the Philippines, this is racial discrimination so if you are a shopkeeper and think you can earn a few extra peso by charging a foreigner more, be aware it could cost you time in jail.
I have never come across it myself but I have been told there is a lot of discrimination towards some ethnic groups in the Philippines such as the Ati, this I would presume is also covered by the same law, as race means a group of persons related by common descent or heredity.
Sometimes you will hear a local say “You have no rights this is not your country.” This is not true and the law below proves it, just saying it is in fact discrimination. It is rare that anyone will say this to you and the only time it has been thrown at me is by lowlife that have a chip on their shoulder.
M a n i l a
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 966 July 20, 1976
DECLARING VIOLATIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION OF THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF
RACIAL DISCRIMINATION TO BE CRIMINAL OFFENSES AND PROVIDING PENALTIES THEREFOR
WHEREAS, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination which
was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 21, 1965, entered into force on
January 4, 1969;
WHEREAS, the Senate of the Philippines concurred in the ratification of the Convention on May 18, 1967;
WHEREAS, the instrument of ratification of the Convention by the President was deposited with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations on September 15, 1967;
WHEREAS, the Convention is now part of the law of the land; and
WHEREAS, the Convention provides in its Article 4, that State Parties, inter alia.
“(a) Shall declare an offense punishable by law all dissemination of ideas based on racial superiority or
hatred, incitement to racial discrimination, as well as all acts of violence or incitement to such acts
against any race or group of persons of another color or ethnic origin, and also the provision of any
assistance to racist activities, including the financing thereof;
“(b) Shall declare illegal and prohibit organizations, and also organized and all other
propaganda activities, which promote and incite racial discrimination, and shall recognize the
participation in such organizations or activities as an offense punishable by law;
“(c) Shall not permit public authorities or public institutions, national or local, to promote or
incite racial discrimination.”
NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND, E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers
vested in me by the Constitution, in order to implement the treaty obligations of the Philippines under the
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, do hereby decree and
Section 1. All organizations and all propaganda activities, which promote and incite racial discrimination,
and hereby declared illegal and prohibited.
Sec. 2. Violation of this Decree, as well as of Article 4, paragraphs a, b and c of the International
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination, shall be punished with:
(a) Imprisonment of not less than ten days nor more than six months, if the offender is guilty of the
dissemination and advocacy of policies based on racial superiority or hatred; incitement to racial
discrimination; membership in any organization or participation in organized or other propaganda
activities, which promote or incite racial discrimination; or providing assistance to racist activities,
including the financing thereof.
(b) Imprisonment of not less than one month nor more than one year, if the offender is guilty
of inciting to acts of violence against any race or group of persons of another color or ethnic
origin or is an officer or organizer of an organization engaged in propaganda activities, which
promote or incite racial discrimination.
Sec. 3. The penalties provided in the preceding section shall be imposed in the maximum if the offender
be a Government officer or employee.
The imposition of the penalties provided in the preceding section shall be without prejudice to any liability
which the offender may incur under other applicable laws.
Sec. 4. This Decree shall take effect immediately.
DONE in the City of Manila, this 20th day of July, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy