4th March 1899

First Philippine Commission arrives in Manila 

first Philippine Commission


On March 4, 1899, a month after the Battle of Manila, the first Philippine Commission, under Dr. Jacob G. Schurman, arrived in Manila.

The five-man team appointed by U.S. President William McKinley was composed of Elwell S. Otis, Charles H. Denby, George Dewey, Dean C. Worcester, and Jacob G. Schurman. It was tasked to investigate conditions in the Philippines and make recommendations to the American government.