This Month in Philippines History – February

This Month in Philippines History looks at all the major historic events that took place in February in the Philippines.

Learn more about the country you have chosen to live in with this guide to Philippines history.


2nd February 1899

National Citizens Army was formed

On the 2nd February 1899, the National Citizens Army was formed as an off-shoot of the Revolutionary Forces which fought the Spanish 1896 until the Philippines was handed over to the Americans as part of the Treaty of Paris.

The National Citizens Army started fighting against the United States of America just 2 days after they were formed, the hostilities lasted until 25th September 1903 which was also the same period that the United States committed Genocide on the people of the Philippines.

The Origins of the National Citizens Army can be traced the 1897 Tejeros Convention in which the Philippines Army was created under Captain General Artemio Ricarte by the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo.

It was not until 1935 under the National Defence Act, long after the Filipino American war that the Philippine Army was created.

In 1950 the Philippine Army became the Armed Forces of the Philippines comprising of the Philippine Army, Philippine Air Force, Philippine Navy and the Philippine Constabulary.


7th February 1986

Philippines Snap Election

Following the end of Martial Law a snap election was held on the 7th February 1986 this election in turn led to the downfall of President Marcos via the People Power Revolution (Also known as EDSA 1.) Read More...


9th February 1905

A modern sewerage system was proposed for Manila

Open Canals Manila 1905

Open Canals in public market was the only type of sanitation in Manila before 1905

It was also a common practice in poor areas to wrap faeces in newspaper and just throw it in the street.

The only thing that slightly resembled a sewage system was about 1,500 buckets of waste water were taken by boat and dumped into Manila bay.

The colonial government on the 9th February 1905 decided to do something about this and proposed a modern sewerage system to tackle the problem of poor sanitation in Manila.


19th February 1892

Railway from Manila to Mabalacat was opened

11 months after the first section of railway in the Philippines was opened, the second section of the railway was opened meaning the railway now reached from Manila to Mabalacat, Pampanga.

The railway instantly made a huge difference to the area and carried 31,929 tons of goods that year. 

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